Tungusic language speakers


Tungusic language speakers
As a language group, Tungusic is a branch of Altaic. It includes two branches: one includes Ewenki and Oroqen, and the other Manchu, Sibo (or Xibe) and Hoche (or Hezhe/Hezhen). The speakers of Oroqen and Ewenki in China are mainly distributed over Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang. The two languages do not have writing systems in China, and in school children learn Chinese or Mongolian. The population of Oroqen speakers is about 4,000 and that of Ewenki speakers in China about 20,000. Both the Oroqen and Ewenki people like singing and dancing. They are mainly engaged in hunting and animal husbandry.
The languages of Manchu and Sibo are so closely related that some scholars regard Sibo as a dialect of Manchu. There are about 10 million Manchu people in China, mainly distributed over north (especially northeast) China. The Manchu nationality ruled over China between 1644 and 1911; the people started to learn Chinese after they occupied China, and now only a number of old people in remote villages can speak Manchu. The Sibo people include two groups: one is distributed over northeast China and speaks Chinese or Mongolian, and the other lives in northwest China and speaks the Sibo language. The population of Sibo speakers is about 30,000. The Hoche people have a total population of about 4,500, living in Heilongjiang. The Hoche language does not have a writing system. Most Hoche people speak Chinese and only a few old people can speak Hoche. As for religion, Tungusic language speakers used to follow a form of shamanism, but most have given up the religion.
YANG LAN

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sino-Tibetan language speakers — The Sino Tibetan language family is a high level grouping of languages, at the same level as Indo European, with over a billion speakers worldwide. On the basis of historical reconstruction of vocabulary, the nearly 300 languages in this family… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • language — /lang gwij/, n. 1. a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition: the two languages of Belgium; a Bantu language; the French… …   Universalium

  • Tungusic — 1. noun A language family spoken in Inner Mongolia and parts of Siberia 2. adjective Of or pertaining to this language or its speakers …   Wiktionary

  • Even language — language name=Even nativename=эвэды торэн (eved i toren) states=Russia region=Russian Far East speakers=7,168 familycolor=Altaic fam1=Altaic [Gordon, 2005 ( [http://www.ethnologue.com/show family.asp?subid=90009 Altaic] )] (controversial)… …   Wikipedia

  • List of language families — See also: Language family This List of language families includes also language isolates, unclassified languages and other types of languages. Contents 1 Major language families 1.1 By number of native speakers 1.2 By number of languages …   Wikipedia

  • Nivkh language — Nivkh Нивхгу диф [mer nivx tif] [ɳiɣvn duf] (S.E. Sakhalin dialect) Spoken in Russia, Japan[ …   Wikipedia

  • Ulch language — Ulch Spoken in Russia Region Russian Far East Ethnicity Ulch people Native speakers 730 according to some authors,[1] 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Oroqen language — Oroqen Spoken in China Region Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang Native speakers 1,200  (2002) Language family Tungusic …   Wikipedia

  • Ainu language — language familycolor=Isolate name=Ainu nativename= ai. アイヌ イタク Aynu itak pronunciation=/ainu itak/ states=Japan, Russia region=Hokkaidō; formerly also southern Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands, the tip of the Kamchatka Peninsula (disputed), and… …   Wikipedia

  • Xibe language — language name=Xibe nativename=ᠰᡞᠪᡝ sibe [IPA|ɕivə] [Li 1986: 1] states=China region=Xinjiang speakers=30,000 familycolor=Altaic fam1=Altaic [Gordon, 2005 ( [http://www.ethnologue.com/show family.asp?subid=90009 Altaic] )] (disputed) fam2=Tungusic …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.